The camouflage of telecommunications infrastructures is used in order to reduce visual pollution to the environment. Due to the need to camouflage or mimic the telecommunications infrastructure, mainly those that correspond to cellular technology, artificial structures with ecological aspects have been developed, with the purpose of installing them in zones or environments that require a low environmental and visual impact, as are, national parks and protected areas. These mimetized structures simulate the bark and foliage of a certain forest species, which are presented as an alternative to the classic towers and antennas that are used in telecommunications.
It is important to emphasize that the works of mimicry of the telecommunication towers must guarantee the total radio-electric transparency, that is to say, to produce a minimum effect in the coefficient of reflection and isolation of the antennas, which allows a correct emission and reception of the signal. Currently, it is possible to mimic existing facilities, applying different techniques of simulation and camouflage at the site, without the operability of these emitting equipment being affected during the installation of their new physiognomy. Also, camouflage techniques have been developed that allow integrating the booths that house the equipment and telecommunications systems, as well as simulate any constructive element.